Have you ever wondered how Addo India tyres are made? Each tyre undergoes an extensive process beginning with raw materials and ending with a final inspection. This ensures that each tyre is made with the same attention to quality that our company is reputed for.
Mixing the materials
Various grades of natural and synthetic rubber are combined with carbon
black, sulphur and chemical products in an internal mixer to meet specific
compound requirements. The resulting blend is called the "master batch",
which is formed into rubber sheets, and cooled. Some rubber is used for
additional processing while the majority is prepared for the extruding stage
Extruding the tread
Heat is applied to the rubber to make it more elastic and then it is put
through extruders machines where the tread and sidewalls, which require two
different rubber compounds, are formed into the required shapes. The
extruders produce a continuous sheet of tread rubber, which is then cooled
and cut to specific tyre lengths.
Weaving the plies
Spinning cords such as rayon, nylon, steel and polyester undergo a process
called calendering, where they are woven into sheets and coated
with rubber on both sides. Once this is finished, the sheets are then cut at
the proper angle into specific widths and lengths and eventually used for
casing and cap plies, while steel cords are used for the belts.
Preparing the bead core
The bead core is formed by aligning, and then coating plated steel wires
with rubber. After, it is wound on a coil a certain number of times to form
bead rings, which provide a specific diameter and strength for a particular
The building process involves two stages. Stage 1: Beginning with the woven
sheets, the inner liner, body plies and sidewalls are placed on the building
drum. The correctly-positioned beads rings are then attached, which results
in the automatic wrapping of the ply edges around the bead core, and the
simultaneously movement of the sidewalls into position. Stage 2: The tyre is
shaped by inflating the rubber and applying sidetread rubber, two steel
belts and a cap ply to achieve a "green" tyre.
The green tyre is placed in a curing press for a certain period
of time (10-15 minutes) at a specific pressure and temperature. Once heat
and pressure has been applied to the tyre, it is then removed from the mould
having achieved its final size, shape and tread pattern.
Excess rubber from the curing process is removed, and the tyre is trimmed
Each tyre is visually and electronically inspected for balance, quality and
uniformity. This final check ensures consistent and reliable performance.